Cultural Differences between Eastern and Western that we should know

Eastern and Western have many differences in terms of culture. While Eastern culture includes Asia and the Middle East, Western culture includes Europe, South and North America, New Zealand, and Australia. Differences in geographic location and historical characteristics are possibly the main causes of differences in ideology, belief, thereby culture. So how have there been differences observed in the two cultures? 

Liberty

One of the most striking differences in culture between the East and West is liberty. Western culture allows people to be more open and genuine in talking about their emotions and feelings. They can even talk about subjects which consider taboo in the Eastern culture. Meanwhile, Eastern people seem to be more cautious to express their emotions. Easterners are more likely to maintain harmony and avoid conflicts in front of others.

Independence in decision-making

Another noticeable difference between Western and Eastern culture lies in independence. While Western people are more likely to move out from their family after their 18s, they are more independent and individualistic in making their own decisions. Meanwhile, most Eastern people are more likely to stay with their family until they get married. That explains why Easterners are more restricted in making important decisions; some people make their future decisions through the collective opinions of the whole family. 

Personality and Marriage

In terms of personality, Easterners are more conservative and traditional than the majority of the population in the West. Therefore, people in the East normally tend to have common thinking that a woman or man needs to get married at a certain age or have arranged marriage by their families. Meanwhile, such a type of marriage is not at all common for people in the West as they believe that love is the basis for marriage.

Hierarchy at work

What is more, people in the West are regarded as more egalitarian in workplaces compared to the East. Managers and even CEOs of companies are more egalitarian in listening or taking the opinions of their junior workers. People in a higher position in the East, nevertheless, are less considerate towards their junior workers’ opinions.

To sum up, no matter what your ideology and belief are, different societies would have different cultures and lifestyles. As we are living in a globalized world, it’s further difficult to tell which one outweighs the other. However, knowing cultural differences will help Easterners to respect Westerners and vice versa. Wise people, in the end, will benefit from perceiving both Eastern and Western cultures and get along with each other well in the modern world.

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